According to legal textile labelling, pure new wool is hair shorn from an animal and worked for the first time. By contrast, „pure wool“ may also contain recycled wool or „shoddy“. Pure new wool is used in about 5% of world fibre production. World production of washed pure new wool stands at about 1.6 million tons per year.
Pure new wool is the oldest fibre used by mankind. Thousands of years before Christ, the Egyptians and Chinese were already raising sheep for wool. In the Iron Age, before the invention of shears, the wool was plucked - shearing came only later.
Wool fibre consists of chains of protein molecules (Keratin) and is similar in consistency to human hair. Surrounded by scales, groups of these protein molecule chains spiral themselves around each other within the fibres and result in a change in form.
Pure new wool is produced first by the hearing of the wool coat of the sheep (the fleece) as a whole single piece. After washing, the wool fibres are spun into yarn. The wool is separated according to quality. For the production of clothing textiles, the so called fine wools are important, mainly those from Merino sheep, as these wools are used for outerwear, scarves and socks.
The number one country for pure new wool is Australia. New Zealand and Argentina are also important wool exporters, and the wool for our disana articles is also produced in Argentina.
Wool keeps you warm because its naturally crinkled fibres hold in a lot of air. Wool balances temperature and provides extra body heat in cooler surroundings. Pure new wool can absorb up to a third of its own weight in moisture without feeling damp. Thanks to its lanolin content, the fibre also offers protection from external wetness, with pearls of water forming on its surface. Wool is not electro statically charged, and its attraction therefore, to dirt or odour, is minimal. One of the main advantages of wool is its highly flexible texture which makes it virtually crease resistant. Snuggly pure new wool is used in our disana apparel programme for babies‘ and toddlers‘ outerwear. In the disana Nappy Set, the boiled wool or the woollen nappy pants ensure that the outside remains dry.
Care instructions for wool
Wool is similar in its consistency to human hair. Therefore, as with hair washing, only the mildest detergent should be used. Wool absorbs little dirt. The scales on the surface of the fibres effectively repel dirt. Woollen clothing therefore seldom needs to be washed and usually a thorough airing will suffice. When washing is necessary, natural wool should be hand washed at a maximum temperature of 30°C.Wool is extremely sensitive to soap and soap suds. In washing wool therefore, always use a special wool detergent e.g. our disana Wool Shampoo.
To avoid felting, wool should never be soaked, rubbed, wrung out or brushed. Simply squeeze
gently by hand and dry in the sun. Wool should never be dried on a heater or tumble dried.